Kodiak Daily Mirror - Alutiiq Word of the Week Lapaat kaaq Shovel
  
Alutiiq Word of the Week: Lapaat’kaaq – Shovel
Jun 13, 2014 | 2 views | 0 0 comments | 17 17 recommendations | email to a friend | print
Lapaat’kaaq – Shovel

Kiagmi lapaat’kaat aturtaarait uk’uruutateng asircarluki. – In the summer they use shovels to fix up their gardens.

Digging tools were important in classical Alutiiq society, both for subsistence activities and for construction. Men and women used long, pointed pieces of whalebone to dig clams from the beach and unearth the roots of plants used for food and medicine.

Alutiiqs also fashioned shovels from wood and bone. Artifacts from the Uyak site in Larsen Bay illustrate that craftsmen shaped the scapulas of sea mammals and bears into shovel blades. These broad shoulder bones were drilled at the narrow end so a handle could be attached. Then the wide end of the bone was shaped and tapered to create the digging blade. Similar shovel blades are found in archaeological sites in western Alaska, illustrating the widespread use of this tool.

The use of bone shovels must be thousands of years old, because Alutiiq people built their houses by digging large foundation holes as early as 4,500 years ago. These early sunken floors were up to three feet deep and thirteen feet across, requiring builders to remove large amounts of earth during construction.

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